The presence of Chinese nuclear submarine at the Colombo Port once again is matter of concern, especially when India-Lankan Special Forces are carrying out joint exercise. India had earlier objected to the presence of Chinese nuclear submarine in September also. The Chinese fleet of submarines , both diesel and nuclear powered, of which three can fire ballistic missiles,  represents some of Beijing’s  offensive military capabilities  and have been focus of international media when one of them propelled through Indian Ocean waters  for the first time making in the way to Persian Gulf. The growing Chinese Navy poses challenges to the Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea ring countries. For New Delhi it is a matter of concern especially when India is trying to venture into Vietnam for exploring gas and oil reserves. With expanding India’s maritime interest the frequent forays by Chinese naval vessels into the Indian waters   is alarming and could be seen as more of testing the response. Back home Chinese People’s Liberation Army troops recently made a two-pronged incursion into Indian waters of Pangong Lake nestled in the higher reaches of Ladakh. These incursions were backed by the Chinese troops on the roads built along Pangong Lake which took place in eastern Ladakh. Chinese incursions have been sending warning notes to India on the status of the territory in question. China had recently objected to a statement by Minister of State for Home Kiren Rijju that India was planning to construct a road along the international boundary in Arunachal Pradesh. China should not have any
objection if India does any construction or upgrade infrastructure in its own territory. The Chinese reaction is seen as a response to keep the pressure of its staking claim on the area which is there because of the prevailing ambiguity on the borders.